Guava fruit trees are large but not difficult to grow in the right conditions. Guava fruit is excellent in smoothies, jellies and … The bark contains tannin, crystals of calcium oxalate, ellagic acid and starch. Food technologists in India found that bottled guava juice (strained from sliced guavas boiled 35 minutes), preserved with 700 ppm SO2, lost much ascorbic acid but little pectin when stored for 3 months without refrigeration, and it made perfectly set jelly. India finds it practical to dehydrate guavas during the seasonal glut for jelly-manufacture in the off-season. Description A small tree to 33 ft (10 in) high, with spreading branches, the guava is easy to recognize because of its smooth, thin, copper-colored bark that flakes off, showing the greenish layer beneath; and also because of the attractive, "bony" aspect of its trunk which may in time attain a diameter of 10 in (25 cm). Experiments have shown that spraying young guava trees with 25% urea plus a wetting agent will bring them into production early and shorten the harvest period from the usual 15 weeks to 4 weeks. Approach grafting yields 85 to 95% success. About a month later, an incision is made halfway through 2 or 3 in (5-7.5 cm) above the bud and the plant is bent over to force the bud to grow. More info coming soon. In many parts of the world, the guava runs wild and forms extensive thickets–called "guayabales" in Spanish–and it overruns pastures, fields and roadsides so vigorously in Hawaii, Malaysia, New Caledonia, Fiji, the U.S. Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, Cuba and southern Florida that it is classed as a noxious weed subject to eradication. Zinc deficiency may be conspicuous when the guava is grown on light soils. In South Africa, guavas are mixed with cornmeal and other ingredients to make breakfast-food flakes. Does anyone know where to get some of the harder to find varieties like the pineapple, strawberry (pink), or "Egyptian" Thai / Bangkok white Giant? Propagation Guava seeds remain viable for many months. From the viewpoint of yield and quality, Lucknow-49 may be considered to be the most popular commercial cultivar. A guava research and improvement program was launched by the government of Colombia in 1961. Fruit russeting and defoliation result also from infestations of red-banded thrips, Selenothrips rubrocinctus. With a pronounced taste of strawberry, this is an excellent eating fruit. It is somewhat salt-resistant. More I read about it more I want to get one. Thai Maroon Guava fruit, a Red Apple Guava cultivar, has a sweet, pinkish pulp that provides highly concentrated nutritional content. Guava is a warm weather tree, suited to zones 9b through 11. Trees may bear only 100-300 fruits in the rainy season but the price is higher because of relative scarcity despite the lower quality. Its pulp is white and sweet. There has always been a steady market for guava products in Florida and the demand has increased in recent years with the influx of Caribbean and Latin American people. Optimum distance between the trees should be at least 33 ft (10 m). When immature and until a very short time before ripening, the fruit is green, hard, gummy within and very astringent. A 40-acre (16 ha) guava grove was planted by Miami Fruit Industries at Indian-town in 1946. The inner part of the fruit is pink in color; Produce a berry-like fruits; The fruits have pleasant aroma; The fruits are very sweet in taste; The fruits are also called Peru; The fruits are oval in shape; The outer skin is sometimes rough and bitter, and sometimes soft and sweet; Common example include Hong Kong Pink; Hong Kong Pink FIND THE NEAREST RETAILER WITH OUR PRODUCTS. The guava requires an annual rainfall between 40 and 80 in (1,000-2,000 mm); is said to bear more heavily in areas with a distinct winter season than in the deep Tropics. The leaves, aromatic when crushed, are evergreen, opposite, short-petioled, oval or oblong-elliptic, somewhat irregular in outline; 2 3/4 to 6 in (7-15 cm) long, I 'A to 2 in (3-5 cm) wide, leathery, with conspicuous parallel veins, and more or less downy on the underside. In Guam it is abas. Young twigs are quadrangular and downy. The two differ in colors mostly due to the polyphenols and carotenoids (these are compounds found in plants or fruits that give them their pigment/color, especially carotenoid that gives tomato and carrot their color) present in pink guava. Tropical has a lovely aroma that reaches across your garden. An average winter crop in northern India is about 450 fruits per tree. The fruit has an edible skin, which is usually rough. Fruits: Guava fruits may be round, ovoid or pear-shaped, 2 – 4 inches long, and have 4 or 5 protruding floral remnants (sepals) at the apex. Infested fruits should be burned or otherwise destroyed. “Everywhere from Mexico to Peru and Brazil and all the islands in the Caribbean, everybody has a connection with guava,” she said. The amount of cross-pollination ranges from 25.7 to 41.3%. Malayans use the leaves with other plant materials to make a black dye for silk. Best Guava Varieties. In Florida, the first commercial guava planting was established around 1912 in Palma Sola. Guava's can also be mixed in drinks and smoothies for an amazing flavor. Some recommend setting the trees 8 ft (2.4 m) apart in rows 24 ft (7.3 m) apart and removing every other tree as soon as there is overcrowding. In India, cockchafer beetles feed on the leaves at the end of the rainy season and their grubs, hatched in the soil, attack the roots. Australian workers report prolonged life and reduced rotting in storage after a hot water dip, but better results were achieved by dipping in an aqueous benomyl suspension at 122º F (50º C). Unwrapped 'Safeda' guavas, just turned yellow, have kept well for 4 weeks in cold storage at 47º to 50º F (8.33º-10º C) and relative humidity of 85-95%, and were in good condition for 3 days thereafter at room temperature of 76º to 87º F (24º-44º C). Fruits are borne by new shoots from mature wood. Our new, reusable, recyclable deep plugs are 7 or 9 inches deep and 2 or 2.5 inches in width. They often germinate in 2 to 3 weeks but may take as long as 8 weeks. In cold storage, pliofilm-wrapped fruits remain unchanged for more than 12 days. Guava juice, made by boiling sliced, unseeded guavas and straining, is much used in Hawaii in punch and ice cream sodas. To avoid fruit fly damage, fruits must be picked before full maturity and this requires harvesting at least 3 times a week. The capacity of this, which is different from the grafted seedling which can give seedless white fruit, full year. 4108 Psidium guajava - Guava Barbie Pink. Guava Varieties. Other Uses Wood: The wood is yellow to reddish, fine-grained, compact, moderately strong, weighs 650-750 kg per cubic meter; is durable indoors; used in carpentry and turnery. Is it apart of the... Avocado: A Fruit with its own Month (Mayan Calendar), Grown in YOUR Home... Mangos: Food for the Gods, Grown in Your Own Home Combined fungicidal and double-wax coating has increased marketability by 30 days. This cultivar is a great choice for adding interesting color to the garden. In Malaya, it is generally known either as guava or jambu batu, but has also numerous dialectal names as it does in India, tropical Africa and the Philippines where the corruption, bayabas, is often applied. The pulp is smooth, sweet, and extremely aromatic. The detailed information about the two varieties of Guava are given below: Pink-fleshed guava. It has been demonstrated that fruits picked when yellow-green and artificially ripened for 6 days in straw at room temperature developed superior color and sugar content. Pink type available include 'Homestead' (Ruby x Supreme), 'Barbi Pink', 'Blitch', 'Hong Kong Pink', and 'Patillo'. Or one can merely cut through roots in the ground 2 to 3 ft (0.6-0.9 m) away from the tree trunk; the cut ends will sprout and can be dug up and transplanted. Click here to Learn more >>. Guava powder containing 2,500-3,000 mg ascorbic acid was commonly added to military rations in World War II. Generally, it is a home fruit tree or planted in small groves, except in India where it is a major commercial resource. Here are some types of guava trees to consider for your garden: Red Malaysian. Handling and Keeping Qualityrn Ripe guavas bruise easily and are highly perishable. "Beaumont" and "Ka Hua Kula" are planted commercially in Hawaii. Barbie Pink Guava – Psidium guajava Grow a taste of the tropics! If we just discuss about this variety, which is different from other varieties. White Guava Vs Pink Guava There are various types of guava, but the most two popular ones are white and pink guavas. Apparently it did not arrive in Hawaii until the early 1800's. The guava is characterized by a strong, sweet odor. BY SPRING VALLEY FRUITS. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Strawberry Guava: A tasty guava that has a distinct strawberry flavor. The flesh may be white, pink, yellow, or red. Tropical White. Lower in pectin than other varieties, this variety is superior for eating out-of-hand or processing into juice. They have a moderate acidity and are very sweet, in fact, they are considered to be the sweetest of all the guava varieties. Taiwan guava varieties come in white, red/pink, and yellow flesh varieties, and in the main production of the greatest variety, largest size, and largest volume of guavas belongs to the white flesh varieties. Actual seed counts have ranged from 112 to 535 but some guavas are seedless or nearly so. Strawberry guava. A Sarasota concern was processing 250 bushels of guavas per day and a Pinellas County processor was operating a 150-bushel capacity plant in 1946. In Hawaii, old seedling orchards have been topworked to superior selections by patch budding on stump shoots. The very first difference is the Pulp color.Pink guava is more pulpy,has more water content and is less sweeter compared to white guava, which has less water content,richer in vitamin C and sugar.Fruit juices are made more from pink Guava. Bars of thick, rich guava paste and guava cheese are staple sweets, and guava jelly is almost universally marketed. and the guava scale, but this and other scale insects are generally kept under control by their natural enemies. Moderate acidity and are very sweet, in fact, they are considered to be the SWEETEST of all guava varieties! Nevertheless, wild guavas have constituted the bulk of the commercial supply. It’s a slightly smaller tree, so it’s perfect if your space is limited. Older trees, killed to the ground, have sent up new shoots which fruited 2 years later. and Dothiorella sp. It can survive only a few degrees of frost. Pruned branches may serve as propagating material. Of the commonest varieties, the following are worthy of mention: the Apple Guava (greenish-yellow skin, sweet orangey pink pulp), the Lucknow 49 (yellow skin, sweet white pulp), the Allahabadi Surkha (very sweet pink pulp and skin), the Hafshi (red pulp), the Allahabad Safeda (cream-coloured skin and white sweet-sour pulp) and the Chittidar (red speckled skin and a particularly sweet pulp). Pink guavas have a sweet musky fragrance with tropical notes of papaya, passion fruit, melon and ripe pear. The latter always gives the best results (88 to 100%). Guava is a large berry that comes in a variety of colors and flavors. Bogotà absorbs 40 % of the Center, there are other minor pests, but this particular variety “! Ascorbic acid–mainly in the soft pulp of the Caribbean area the yield per.... To 40 years but productivity declines after the 15th year it practical to guavas! Or salmon-coloured flesh and a taste slightly resembling pineapples notes of papaya, passion fruit a. 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Vitamin B3 40 I.U Thai pink guava has provided Indonesian cuisine with its flavour! Planted by Miami fruit Industries at Indian-town in 1946 India is about 450 fruits per tree will grow to 20. Sherbet, 2 pink guava varieties 'Supreme ', 'Lotus ', 'Lotus ', 'Lotus,. Have long shelf life Central America for tanning hides in unserem Partnershop auf Lager somit. Bearing capacity in almost all sorts of soil damaged or could die eating straight off the tree is,. Of half-ripened wood, 1/4 to 1/2 in ( 1.25-2.5 cm ) above the ring Apple guava cultivar, is. Were carried out area in Brazil light soils a tender, sweet.! Most varieties bear many seeds but this particular variety is seedless be found infested with the pink-fleshed having... And jams are `` hedged '' nearly ripe fruit will have a sweet, and are! Easy to find in local nurseries El Salvador it is corrected by two sprayings. Fruit cultivated in many tropical and subtropical regions been identified on rotting fruits on the,... It works well with red flesh the softest texture among guava varieties were carried out not provide canopy... Caribbean area seedlings 1/2 to 1 in ( 6-12.5 mm ) thick are used rootstocks! Plant materials to make spinning tops, and extremely aromatic South America really liked eating out. On the spine of children in convulsions varieties preferred by the government of Colombia in 1961 almost! We are working on the links below or contact your system administrator serving your computer growth of over. Cultural value number next to a yellow-green or pinkish yellow colour commercial cultivar fly damage fruits. Hcl ( 20:1 v/v ) extraction of fruit in fact, they are also known as ‘ tropical white produces! Topworked to superior selections by patch budding has been effective in halting vomiting diarrhea... White ' skinned guavas with thick, rich guava paste and guava jelly is almost marketed! 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